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Prometrium (Progesterone)

Original price was: $105.00.Current price is: $96.96.

Progesterone is a medication used in hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women without a hysterectomy. This therapy often includes estrogen to alleviate menopausal symptoms and reduce certain disease risks. However, estrogen can thicken the uterine lining, increasing uterine cancer risk. Progesterone is employed to counter this thickening and lower the risk of uterine cancer.

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Description

Progesterone is a medication used in hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women without a hysterectomy. This therapy often includes estrogen to alleviate menopausal symptoms and reduce certain disease risks. However, estrogen can thicken the uterine lining, increasing uterine cancer risk. Progesterone is employed to counter this thickening and lower the risk of uterine cancer. It is also used to induce menstruation in women of childbearing age who have stopped menstruating after regular cycles. Progesterone is classified as a progestin and operates within hormone replacement therapy by reducing uterine estrogen levels. Additionally, it triggers menstruation by replacing missing natural progesterone in some women.

Additional information

Usage

Usage
Progesterone is taken orally in capsule form. Typically, it is taken once a day in the evening or at bedtime. The treatment involves a rotating schedule, where you take progesterone for 10 to 12 days, followed by a break of 16 to 18 days without the medication. Your doctor will provide precise instructions on when to take progesterone. To aid in remembering, take it around the same time each evening. Follow your prescription label instructions carefully, and seek clarification from your doctor or pharmacist if needed. Take progesterone exactly as prescribed, without altering the dosage or frequency, even if you feel well. It is important not to discontinue progesterone without consulting your doctor.

Side Effects

Side Effects
Progesterone may lead to side effects. If you encounter any of these symptoms, especially if they are severe or enduring:
• Headache
• Breast tenderness or pain
• Upset stomach
• Vomiting
• Diarrhea
• Constipation
• Tiredness
• Muscle, joint, or bone pain
• Mood swings
• Irritability
• Excessive worrying
• Runny nose
• Sneezing
• Cough
• Vaginal discharge
• Problems with urination
Although rare, some side effects are serious. If you encounter any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor immediately:
• Breast lumps
• Migraine headache
• Severe dizziness or faintness
• Slow or difficult speech
• Weakness or numbness in an arm or leg
• Lack of coordination or balance
• Shortness of breath
• Rapid heartbeat
• Sharp chest pain
• Coughing up blood
• Leg swelling or pain
• Loss of vision or blurred vision
• Bulging eyes
• Double vision
• Unexpected vaginal bleeding
• Uncontrolled hand tremors
• Seizures
• Abdominal pain or swelling
• Depression
• Hives
• Skin rash
• Itching
• Difficulty breathing or swallowing
• Enlargement of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
• Hoarseness
There is a concern that progesterone may increase the risk of tumors, as seen in laboratory animals. However, it is uncertain if this risk applies to humans. Discuss the potential risks of taking this medication with your doctor.
It's important to be aware that medications like progesterone can lead to abnormal blood clotting, potentially causing serious complications by obstructing blood flow to vital organs. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above as severe side effects, contact your doctor promptly.
Progesterone may also cause other side effects. Should you encounter any unusual issues while taking this medication, consult your doctor.

Storage

Storage
To store this medication safely:
• Keep it in its original container, tightly sealed, and out of children's reach.
• Store it at room temperature, away from excessive heat and moisture (avoid bathroom storage).
• Dispose of unneeded medication safely to prevent accidental consumption by pets, children, or others. Do not dispose of it by flushing it down the toilet.
• Use a medicine take-back program for proper disposal, consult your pharmacist, or contact local garbage/recycling authorities for options in your area.
• Keep all medications out of children's sight and reach, as many containers are not child-resistant, and children can easily open them. Secure safety caps and store medications up and away from their access.

Precautions

Precautions
Before using progesterone, you should:
• Inform your doctor and pharmacist about any allergies to progesterone, birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy, medications, or peanuts.
• Provide a list of all prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, and supplements you are taking, including specific drugs such as antifungals, HIV protease inhibitors, and others, as your doctor may need to adjust dosages or monitor for side effects.
• Mention the use of herbal products, especially St. John's wort.
• Disclose any medical history of conditions like unexplained vaginal bleeding, miscarriages with retained tissue, breast or female organ cancer, seizures, migraines, asthma, diabetes, depression, blood clots, strokes, vision issues, or liver, kidney, heart, or gallbladder disease.
• Inform your healthcare provider if you are pregnant, intending to become pregnant, or currently breastfeeding.
• Inform any healthcare provider, including dentists, if you are taking progesterone before undergoing surgery or dental procedures.
• Be cautious as progesterone may cause dizziness or drowsiness; refrain from driving or operating machinery until you understand its effects. If it makes you dizzy or drowsy, consider taking it at bedtime.
• Be aware that progesterone may lead to dizziness, lightheadedness, and fainting, particularly when rising quickly from a lying position. This is more common when starting progesterone treatment. To mitigate this, rise from bed slowly and rest your feet on the floor for a few minutes before standing up.

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