Timoptic 0.5% 5ml


Timoptic comes in the form of eye drops and is presented in concentrations of 0.25% and 0.5%. The solution is typically preserved with benzalkonium chloride, which can be absorbed by soft contact lenses, so care must be taken in patients who wear contacts. Timoptic helps prevent damage to the optic nerve, leading to vision loss if not treated appropriately.



Timoptic, generically known as Timolol Maleate, is a prescription ophthalmic medication used primarily to treat elevated intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Timolol Maleate belongs to a class of medications called beta-blockers, which reduce the pressure inside the eye by decreasing the production of aqueous humor, the fluid in the eye.

Additional information



● Glaucoma Management: Reduces elevated intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

● After Eye Surgeries: May sometimes be used after certain types of eye surgeries to reduce pressure in the eye.

Administration Guidelines

Dosage and Application:

● The standard initial dose for adults is one drop of 0.25% concentration in the affected eye(s) twice daily. If the response is not adequate, the dose may be increased to one drop of 0.5% concentration twice daily.

Method of Administration:

● Direct Topical Application: Instill one drop into the conjunctival sac of the affected eye, taking care not to touch the tip of the bottle to the eye or surrounding areas.

Adjustment and Titration:

● Dosage may be adjusted based on patient response and intraocular pressure readings. Titration should always be directed by an ophthalmologist or healthcare professional.

Safety Precautions

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding:

● Timoptic should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Caution should be exercised when administered to a nursing woman.

Drug Interactions:

● Timolol can interact with systemic beta-blockers and other medications. Always inform your healthcare provider of all medications you are taking before starting Timoptic.

Side Effects

● Common Side Effects: Eye discomfort, dry eyes, corneal erosions, and mild burning/stinging upon instillation.

● Serious Side Effects: Slow heartbeat, dizziness, breathing difficulties, and systemic effects due to beta-blockade. Watch for signs of allergic reactions as well.


● Store at room temperature between 15-30°C (59-86°F). Keep away from light and moisture. The bottle should be closed tightly when not in use.

Special Precautions

● Timolol can cause systemic effects, especially in patients with respiratory or cardiac conditions. Monitor for signs of bronchospasm or heart failure.

● Contact lens wearers should remove their lenses before application and wait at least 15 minutes after instillation before reinserting them.

● Consistent follow-up appointments with an ophthalmologist are necessary to monitor intraocular pressure and the health of the optic nerve.


● Overdose is rare and typically does not result in serious problems when applied to the eye. However, if accidentally ingested, it can cause symptoms like dizziness, headache, shortness of breath, bradycardia, and hypotension. Seek immediate medical attention or contact a poison control center if an overdose is suspected.


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